Coaching – hypnosis – cognitive behavioral therapy
What is coaching?
Lending ones ear in order to help someone find naturally a solution are the first steps to coaching
Philisophically coaching is a precursor of maieutics ( Maieutics can be compared to intellectual midwifery), similarly, maieutics is the act of facilitating a person in delivering an idea. This process becomes more efficient when one is conscious of his ressources and fears he will thus begin to “know himself” much like Socrates’ universal declamation.
Later, philosophers spiritual guides such as Pygmalion, Mentor, and educators played important roles in awakening our consciousness, they have well been using the coaching tools that have been developed in our modern world ((P. Angel, P. Amar, E. Devienne et J. Tencé, 2007)
Objectives and stages
1) Helping the client in defining the objectives
2) Prioritizing the objectives
3) Identifying what may slow down the
4) Discovering existing resources and learning how to exploit them efficiently
5) Evaluating the efficiency of the above via assignments
This quest for fulfilment can be compared to an adventure whose path is scattered with “trials”. These trials exist for the adventurer to exploit and evaluate the efficiency of his resources.
A good Coach may use one or two strategies or again mix a number of different tools according to the adventurer’s need.
You can compare this procedure a little like a musician that never plays the same piece the same way, indeed he adapts himself according to the audience, the changes of atmosphere and the feedback of the audience.
The adventurer must feel the process of change as something obvious that will elicit his enthusiasm in exploring and discovering his resources.
Here is a list of tools that help in overcoming the different stages.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a form of psychotherapy that was developed by Francine Shapiro to resolve the development of trauma-related disorders caused by exposure to distressing events such as rape or military combat. According to Shapiro’s theory, when a traumatic or distressing experience occurs, it may overwhelm usual cognitive and neurological coping mechanisms. The memory and associated stimuli of the event are inadequately processed, and are dysfunctionally stored in an isolated memory network. The goal of EMDR therapy is to process these distressing memories, reducing their lingering influence and allowing clients to develop more adaptive coping mechanisms.
Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP)
Is an approach to communication, personal development, and psychotherapy. Grinder and Bostic St Clair (2001) state that “NLP is a modeling technology whose specific subject matter is the set of differences that make the difference between the performance of geniuses and that of average performers in the same field or activity.” The term “Neuro-Linguistic Programming” refers to a stated connection between the neurological processes (“neuro”), language (“linguistic”) and behavioral patterns that have been learned through experience (“programming”) and can be organized to achieve specific goals in life.
Everyone emerges from childhood with one of the nine types dominating their personality, with inborn temperament and other pre-natal factors being the main determinants of our type. This is one area where most all of the major Enneagram authors agree”we are born with a dominant type”. Subsequently, this inborn orientation largely determines the ways in which we learn to adapt to our early childhood environment. It also seems to lead to certain unconscious orientations toward our parental figures, but why this is so, we still do not know. In any case, by the time children are four or five years old, their consciousness has developed sufficiently to have a separate sense of self. Although their identity is still very fluid, at this age children begin to establish themselves and find ways of fitting into the world on their own.
In psychological treatment, systemic therapy refers to a type of therapy used for two or more people addressing a problem. It is a psychological term that relates to family therapy, though it is not limited to families. Any type of group can benefit from this therapy, which can offer easier solutions to group problems because systemic therapy does not include psychoanalysis or individual counseling. The primary focus is to cover an overall issue instead of specific problem. When a group is offered a solution, it can also be applied to other problems
Systemic therapy views people in relationship to each other rather than what is happening within the individual.
We explore together how people communicate with each other and what they communicate looking to identify and explore the patterns of behaviours and beliefs in roles and relationships that have become rigid over time. Doing this enables clients to decide if change is desired.
This approach is a very active using questions to explore stories from the clients past and present. It assists clients to identify, link, expand and acknowledge the positive and helpful experiences from their past and present they may have lost sight of in their present confusion and distress. Using these insights it is then possible to reframe and move forward in a more positive and helpful way.
Hypnotherapy is the act of placing the mind into a hypnotic state where actions and outcomes can be transformed and changed for the betterment of the person. When actively hypnotized, a person’s mind is put to rest or placed in a relaxed state, where the stresses of every day life and the thoughts that often preoccupy the mind fall off to reveal a more inner sight. Hypnosis has been compared to the feeling the body experiences when falling into a deep sleep. The comforts of the body, the calmness of the mind are all very similar to the state that hypnosis renders on the user.
Hypnotherapy is a therapy based on using the state of hypnosis to cause positive change. Hypnotherapy is sometimes known as ‘conventional hypnotherapy’, or ‘clinical hypnosis’, or ‘suggestion therapy’. It is the skillful and careful use of suggestion to alter negative belief systems within the subconcious mind into more positive thought processes for the well being of the person being treated.
Hypnotherapy can be used to help people in many aspects of their lives, but it is largely suited to help with very simple problems such as smoking addicition, and assisting people with self improvement goals such as sports performance, exam excellence, and when people need quick fixes such as fear of flying
Hypnotic trance is something entirely natural that we all experience every day. It is that deeply relaxed state that we enter into just before we fall asleep.
Most people experience this several times a day unconsciously – any time we become deeply relaxed or highly focused on a given activity – when driving, reading or concentrating on a screen for example – the ‘where did that time go’ moment !
Solution oriented brief therapy
Solution-Oriented Brief Therapy (SBT) is a new dynamic, results-oriented therapy approach… As its name implies, brief therapy is short-term, meaning that goals are usually accomplished in a limited number of sessions… all brief therapists have at least one thing in common—they are task-oriented. Clients are asked to set goals early on so that progress can be closely monitored at each session. How can brief therapy be so brief? Rather than delving into past origins of the problem brief therapists are more interested in the present and the future.
By identifying each person’s role in the way the problem is being handled today, brief therapists obtain the raw data necessary to generate prescriptions for change. By so doing, lengthy reviews of personal histories are bypassed.. More importantly though, SBT therapists focus on the future, helping couples envision what their lives will be like without the problems. Unlike psychodynamic or psychoanalytic approaches which emphasize how problems develop, SBT asks: “What do you want to become?” and “What are the necessary steps to get there?” Therapy becomes less explanation-oriented and more solution-oriented, a process which takes considerably less time.
Cognitive Behavioural therapy
CBT is based on the Cognitive Model of Emotional Response.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is based on the idea that our thoughts cause our feelings and behaviours, not external things, like people, situations, and events. The benefit of this fact is that we can change the way we think to feel / act better even if the situation does not change.
CBT is briefer and time-limited.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is considered among the most rapid in terms of results obtained. The average number of sessions clients receive (across all types of problems and approaches to CBT) is only 16. Other forms of therapy, like psychoanalysis, can take years. What enables CBT to be briefer is its highly instructive nature and the fact that it makes use of homework assignments. CBT is time-limited in that we help clients understand at the very beginning of the therapy process that there will be a point when the formal therapy will end. The ending of the formal therapy is a decision made by the therapist and client. Therefore, CBT is not an open-ended, never-ending process.